Science.

In the following, Elements refers to my ebooks Elements of Theory, Book 1 or Book 2 . Links relate either to general references to explain concepts to the non-specialist, or to refer to my published work.  

Theory  
(1) My interpretation of quantum mechanics differs from most. The basic concept is that wave-particle duality arises because there is a wave and a particle that mutually interact once (or twice) a period. The wave is completely causal, real, transmits energy, and most likely operates in an additional dimension; the statistical nature of observations on particles arise because of the disconnect. This disconnect leads to the quantization of action, and it means that the mechanics behave as if non-local within the limits of one quantum of action. Most of quantum mechanics follows [Elements 1] from one underpinning assumption, including the Schrodinger equation, the Uncertainty Principle and the Exclusion Principle, the results of the two-slit experiment, and a proposed explanation is given for the delayed choice quantum eraser, which, if correct, predicts the results of further experiments. I also argue that the assertion that Alain Aspect proved violations of Bell's Inequality is not correct; there are several flaws, one of which is there was one too few real variables in the experiment.

Either the wave function is real or it is not. The standard interpretation is that it is a mathematical device to account for what we see, but that completely skips the question, why do we see it? In this sense, "real" means there is something there that acts on the particle and is the cause of the effects we see. Either the wave has the same velocity of propagation as the particle or it does not. It only makes sense that the wave can act on the particle if it has the same velocity, so assume it has. The phase velocity of the wave is given by the energy divided by the particle momentum. For the phase velocity to equal the particle velocity, the energy must be twice the formal kinetic energy of the particle. The simplest explanation is the wave transmits exactly the same energy as the particle's kinetic energy. If so, with a defined value of the energy, it is real. If particle and wave reconnect once per period, they reconfirm their energies, which explains why quantal matter waves do not interfere with each other (the action will not be quantized somewhere in general, although there may be specific exceptions) and why the wave does not attenuate with distance traveled (because each period, particle and wave reconnect and reset each other).

(2) Chemical strain. My PhD work related to whether the strained ring cyclopropane conjugates. The work done straining chemical bonds can be represented by a polarization field P. The simplification of considering P to originate from a pseudocharge q makes the calculation of certain chemical effects surprisingly easy. To illustrate the basics of the argument, consider two charges at A and B on one side of a wall W, and an observer O, thus

          A                            B           |W|          O

The observer can detect a combined electric field E from A and B, and from Maxwell, from Div D he can ascribe this field as arising from a charge, but because of the wall, he cannot know there are two charges, as the field will be the same as if there was a combined "centre of charge". Now, suppose charge A moves closer to B; O now sees a change in electric field, and two interpretations are possible: one of the charges has moved, in which case the origin of the charge is given from Div (D-P) or further charge is added. In the case of the strained ring, we know charge has moved, but the change of field at a substituent is indistinguishable from the case that charge was added, and because the energy of electric interactions is held in the field, the energy is also indistinguishable. I elected to consider the problem as if a pseudocharge was added, as that approach enables a particular simplification mathematically.

As it happens, this theory was not accepted; the accepted position is that cyclopropane conjugates. The polarization field argument correctly accounts for the interaction of the cyclopropane ring with adjacent charge, including destabilization with adjacent negative charge that standard theory does not permit, and including "through-space" interactions, and the various UV spectral shifts, including correctly predicting the hypsochromic shifts of n -> pi* transitions, correctly calculating their magnitude, where standard theory predicts bathochromic shifts. In a review, I have argued there are about 60 different types of observation that show that the unusual effects of strained rings are due to such polarization fields resulting from moving charge rather than from conjugation.

It is also interesting that this concept neatly explains the so-called "non-classical carbenium ion", somewhat oddly through totally classical means. This issue is explained in Book 1 of my Elements of Theory.
   

(3)  Atomic orbitals do not correspond to hydrogen-like solutions of the Schrodinger equation, but rather the wave function is a combination of all possible paths, and the screening constant is a function of quantum numbers. If so, there are simple analytical functions for the chemical bond energies [Elements 1]. If all is neglected but electric field interactions, the chemical bond energy of hydrogen is a simple analytical function.  

(4)  In chemistry, there is a fundamental problem in explaining why bonds are localized in effect or delocalized. In molecular orbital theory, the electrons are considered to move over the whole molecule, and hence there is a problem in describing the characteristics of localized bonds. In the original valence bond theory, the bonds were assumed to be localized, except when, according to canonical structures, they are not. Modern valence bond theory appears to have abandoned this concept, and approached closer to molecular orbital theory. Neither approach is satisfactory as they stand. In my alternative, the issue is determined by the real wave, and chemical bonds are localized if the delocalized path is bent such that wave refraction is required, but the required impedance differences are not exactly present. Aromatic bond localization occurs through the alteration of the refractive index for quantal waves by focusing polarization fields. Aromaticity arises as a consequence of the Exclusion Principle not permitting a classical structure, and the bond lengths are determined by the weighting of the canonical structures. Resonance energy is not a consequence of some "quantum mechanical effect with no classical equivalent", but rather a consequence of the de Broglie wave equation, and the requirement that momentum be conserved between canonical structures. 

(5)  I have proposed that the gas-phase stabilities of carbenium ions are determined by the polarization of adjacent bonds by the ionic charge. The required relative permittivity for the given bonds are in good accord with bond refractivities. Accordingly, I argue the concept of hyperconjugation is unnecessary.

(6)  The stability of the atomic nucleus with respect to radioactive decay can be expressed in terms of phase relationships of electro-weak quark-quark interaction wave functions. The relevant journal no longer functions and the article has not seemingly been put onto the web, however information is available on request. 

(6)  (1) Bond bending. The electric field vector from the rest of the molecule is directed along the line of a bond with zero deformation, I proposed that the mechanics of bond bending is not simple harmonic, but approximates to the mechanics of a pendulum. The differences become more significant as the amplitude of the vibration increases, and anharmonicities for some molecules were obtained in good agreement with observation.  

(7)  The standard theory of planetary formation assumes that in the stellar accretion disk, dust and solids accrete into a reasonably uniform distribution of planetesimals, which then gravitationally accrete into planets. However, there is no known mechanism for planetesimal formation. Elements 2 offers a review of current opinion and observations, then a theory by which the initial growth of planets is chemically driven. This explains why every planetary system in our solar system is different from all others, and makes over 80 predictions, most of which are admittedly rather difficult to test as it is necessary to see details of other solar systems. Within our solar system, there are some additional predictions. One of these is that for several reasons, not the least of which is an essential absence of nitrogenous material during formation, there will be no life in an under-ice ocean on Europa.

Since the ebook was published, no observations have been made that trouble it (although this may in part be due to a lull in new rover activity) and  some pieces of evidence that should occur under this theory have been obtained, even if the obtaining of the evidence was a little unexpected. An example is the recent finding that samples of Martian basalt have embedded carbonaceous material in them. This was absolutely required for the initial basalt, although it was somewhat unexpected that such material remains now.

Seaweeds 
(1)  Processes have been developed for manufacturing agar from unsorted seaweed, high gel strength agars, agaroses and agaroid derivatives, including an agarose-like material the gel of which does not melt at ambient pressure; a xylosylated pyruvylated 'agarose'; agaroses with low gel melting temperatures but with gel strengths higher than most current examples, and Nemidon gels. More details are found here.  

(2) An improved method has been developed to desulphate sulphated polysaccharides. Alkaline desulfation also occurs  in the presence of reducing agents, and some materials such as ferric oxide, which requires the removal of such agents when carrying out methylation analyses.    

(3) The use of set theory logic applied to a number of simple procedures was used to develop a faster means of determining the structures of red algal galactans. This was applied to standard agars and carrageenans, mixed diads, and then more complicated galactans such as Chladhymenia oblongifolia. The method was extended to a number of further phycocolloids, and samples that have potential biological activity are available.

 Biofuels 
One potential route for making fuels from biomass is the thermochemical route, which usually involves treating biomass under high pressure at high temperatures with hydrogen. This is a perfectly satisfactory route, however it has one significant drawback: hydrogen is expensive to make and use in small quantities, while much biomass packs poorly, and hence is expensive to transport.My approach was to carry this out in stages, the first stage being to simply produce liquids because these are much easier to transport. In the event, experiments were surprisingly successful. Hydrothermal liquefaction of lignocellulose rapidly produces an oil containing hydrocarbons suitable for high-octane petroleum and jet fuel, together with a phenolic fraction that can be further hydrotreated for fuel. Wood chips, likely cellulose reaction products, and likely sugar degradation products  gave similar products, which gives some help in identifying the reaction mechanism